I have been pretty much obsessed with Empress Elisabeth of Austria (1837-1898), fondly known as Empress Sisi, based on her childhood nickname, ever since I first saw her portrait in Vienna.
Stunningly beautiful, with a tiny waist that even four pregnancies could not alter, a perfectly oval face, delicate features and sparkling eyes, it is not surprising that she was known as the most beautiful woman in the world and often compared to Titania, the fairy queen.
“How beautiful she is!” exclaimed the Shah of Persia when he first met her, abandoning all protocol.
But then protocol was never bothered this non-conformist who was the most legendary beauty of her times and left a heritage of skincare and haircare rituals that is indispensable even today.
Actually, especially today.
Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s sumptuous skincare secrets
Have I mentioned that Sisi was really, really beautiful?
And that her skincare went from the romantic to the bizarre?
Some of these recipes are simply decadent, like the strawberry face mask; while others are a bit gross, such as the raw veal she applied on her skin at night or the slug cream!
For our purposes, we shall stick to the more can-do-in-the-21st-century-home stuff here from Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s beauty book.
Warm olive oil bath
One of Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s beauty rituals, all though her days in Hofburg Palace, was taking a warm olive oil bath every evening to keep her skin soft and smooth — a practise that’s lauded by spas till date.
Olive oil contains vitamins A and E, which are intensely nourishing, along with a host of antioxidants that guard against environmental toxins.
To make your own olive oil bath, simply pour a cup-full of virgin olive oil in the bathtub and fill with warm water.
Or slather your body with warm (not hot) olive oil, leave it on for 5-10 minutes, then rinse off with warm water.
The 19th century Empress relied heavily on floral face mists to protect her skin against inflammation and infections.
Her favorite was violet vinegar, made from freshly picked violet blossoms, cider vinegar and distilled water: Layer the violet blossoms (or rose petals) in bottle and douse them with cider vinegar. Shut tightly and allow to infuse for two days.
Then strain away the flowers and use the liquid to spritz your face.
Another one of the Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s beauty secrets that’s making a comeback? She enjoyed full body wraps made out of hay.
Ironically, a number of luxury spas are now offering hay wraps as a “brand new” and “innovative” ritual to that fortifies the immune system and boosts metabolism!
Egg white face mask
A really simple and effective way of toning the complexion, Sisi’s favorite face mask needs 2 oz rose water, 1 oz milk, ½ oz grape juice, 5 drops frankincense essential oil and 2 whipped egg whites.
Combine all ingredients, except the egg whites. When everything is well mixed, fold in the egg whites and immediately apply the paste to your face.
Go to bed and rinse off in the morning.
Honey & strawberry face pack
To keep her complexion soft, Sisi would slather her cheeks with pure honey and crushed strawberries — thereby calling upon the effects of modern fruit acids (akin to today’s chemical peels) that cleanse, exfoliate and brighten the skin.
And that’s not all: This face pack also reinforces the skin’s resistance to environmental stress and strengthens its immunity.
Another way in which the Empress maintained that fabulous skin tone was with a court pharmacy preparation known as Creme Celeste. It was made from sweet almond oil, white wax, spermaceti and rosewater.
(This one is my personal favorite and I love making it even today.)
History says that Empress Elisabeth of Austria never left home without this rose moisturizer.
To prepare, crush 20-25 rosebuds and simmer them in a covered pan filled with 1/8th litre distilled water for 45 minutes.
Add 50g lanolin and 20g fresh, unsalted butter; then put everything in a high speed blender till it becomes creamy. Keep in the fridge and apply to your face every morning for glowing skin.
And the Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s beauty secrets that you might want to skip…
Veal face mask
Sisi applied slices of raw veal to her face during the night, binding it with a leather mask that kept the meat in constant contact with her skin while sleeping.
Gross as this sounds, dermatologists say it’s “not half bad”.
The high vitamin C content has an anti-inflammatory effect, while the protein element (keratin) acts against skin ageing. Moreover, the meat gives skin a fresh look and neutralises harmful metabolites (free radicals).
Lady Gaga, are you listening?
Again gross but it’s made a comeback, with celeb proponents swearing by its skin-smoothing benefits.
I have even found the original recipe for you: Put ½ kilo lard into water-bath, add 2 quintchen (fifths) marshmallow roots and 70g ground slugs. Let it stand for four hours to cool off. And then hop in! Weird much?
Sisi’s hair… her crowning glory
The Empress Elisabeth of Austria’s ankle-length auburn hair was her pride and joy, even though it was so long and heavy that the weight often gave her headaches.
She would sit on a low chair and a silk cloth would be placed beneath her long hair while it was brushed.
After dressing, braiding and pinning for hours, each one of the fallen strands had to be presented in a silver bowl to the Empress for inspection.
This would last almost three hours, during which time Sisi kept herself busy by learning languages such as Hungarian and Greek.
Next, the royal hair was sprinkled with jewels — the most famous of which are the diamond stars made by the court jeweller Kochert.
Finally, Sisi’s hair was sprayed with Creed’s Fantasia de Fleurs — a heady floral fragrance created specially for the Empress, with a regal bouquet of the best Bulgarian roses and Florentine iris.
Washing the Empress’s hair was another very time consuming operation for her personal hairdresser, performed every fortnight with a mixture of cognac and egg yolk. Considering the length and volume of her tresses, it’s no wonder this ritual took an entire day!
The Empress of Austria’s 19-inch wasp waist…
Sisi had a tiny 19-inch waist (gulp!), maintained with extremely rigorous exercise (and possibly a eating disorder).
The Empress was obsessed with gymnastics, which attracted a lot of criticism as women of this era simply did not sweat.
She even had a gymnastics room installed at her palace and could often be seen dangling from the rings to maintain her slim waist and slender figure!
The Austrian Empress also took up fencing in her 50s. A fervent horsewoman, she rode every day for hours on end, becoming the world’s best female equestrian at the time.
When she could no longer endure hours in the saddle due to gout, Sisi went for very long walks that could last up to 10 hours!
At night, the Empress Elizabeth of Austria was heavily massaged and slept with cloths soaked in either violet or cider vinegar, while her neck was wrapped with cloths soaked in Kummerfeld-toned washing water.
In the later years of her life, Sisi became even more obsessive, weighing herself up to thrice a day.
She began to live on a diet of raw milk, egg whites, steak juice and fruit sorbet (better than the caffeine-and-coke diet of today’s celebs, at least!).
However, Sisi did have one indulgence: The Empress would wander through to Demel for boxes of candied violets.
Today, she’s still immortalized on many chocolate boxes in Vienna.
And in our hearts.
Beautiful, extravagant, sweet and gracious, she was a woman way ahead of her times who spent her life yearning for a measure of happiness but never found it.
Empress Elisabeth of Austria… the fashion icon and her gilded cage
She would have been happier married to a minor princeling but it was her fate to be Empress of Austria.
A free spirit from Bad Ischl who loved nature and the informalities of the Bavarian House of Wittelsbach, married into all the rigidity and political intrigues of the Austrian imperial court when she wed Emperor Franz Josef at the age of sixteen, Sisi was the Lady Diana of her age.
Young, lost, unhappy and trapped in a golden cage, she slipped into a deep depression and kept trying to find a happiness that always seemed out of reach.
And, finally, she was assassinated by an Italian anarchist almost in a case of mistaken identity, thereby ending her reign as one of the most beautiful women in the world.
Today, the world remembers her as one of history’s most fascinating and gorgeous women. Her life story has been the subject of several books (and there’s been a whole new slew of them lately!), movies (including a hugely popular trilogy starring Romy Schneider), musicals, Karl Lagerfeld’s fashion collection for Chanel and now a Netflix series.
But, I wonder, if that’s consolation enough for a life only half-lived?
She was a real Rapunzel of her time. I can’t believe the time it took for her hair alone, thank goodness I can just throw mine in a ponytail and call it good.
I am also a real history lover. I love reading about Queen Elizabeth I, she was also somewhat obsessed about her beauty rituals as was Cleopatra.
Where did you find the information on her lotions and potions as well as actual recipes? That is really amazing!
I can’t believe that I knew nothing of Sisi! She sounds intriguing, guess I had better find some historical fiction on her (my favorite genre.)
I am seriously in love with her Victoria! At one point, I had taken a sabbatical and gone to Austria/Germany for 6 months to research her life – those were some of the most fascinating days of my existence!!!! There are lots of books on her – both negative and positive as she has been a rather controversial figure. See if you can get hold of one called The Lonely Empress 🙂 And speaking of history books, I am also obsessed with those on Marie Antoinette!!
Wow, to take 6 months and study a historical figure that you are passionate about must have been a dream come true. I would love to go to England and go to all of the places Queen Elizabeth I and people of that time were a part of; castles, estates, countryside, villages, etc. I also love reading about her father King Henry VIII (although he is also very controversial) and each of his wives. So fascinating! I will definitely look for “The Lonely Empress.” It’s great to be introduced to another historical figure 🙂
You should really write a historical fiction piece. Your writing is amazing and you have the research right there to write about how you see her. (I would buy it in a heart beat:) )
Let’s go to England… I am dying to do that trail as well! Have you read the Phillipa Gregory novels? And actually, I have been dying to write a book on Sisi but…. 🙁
Yeah, let’s do it 🙂 Phillipa Gregory is my favorite author, I’ve read many of her novels. I just placed “The Lonely Empress” in my Amazon shopping cart. It’s a used one; hope it’s the right one. Can’t wait to be introduced into a new historical world!
I am currently reading The Lonely Empress and right from the start of it you realize how unhappy she really was as well as how much she endured though she tried so hard.
I also have a book on Marie Antoinette…my heart breaks for them. They had no clue as to how to rule …their relationship was difficult to begin with but they did, I believe, truly love each other. They just were NEVER taught.
Growing up, everyone girl wants to be a princess…but sadly it is not a bed of roses afterall. Amazing article about an amazing woman..loved it Anubha
More thorns than roses it seems 🙁 Sisi was the 19th century Princess Diana… the similarities between them are uncanny!!
Wow, if they only taught history like this in schools!
I used to hate history in school. Only got interested in it when I started travelling and now it’s my biggest passion. In school they would go out of the way to make it boring!
Fun fact: the famous portrait at the top was the inspiration for Emmy Rossum’s dress in the “Think of Me” musical number from the movie THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA.
Oooohhh… that’s superb. I did not know that. Am going to try and find a pic online!
A slightly romanticized view of a woman who may very well have been mentally ill…
I just finished reading “The Accidental Empress” and decided to “Google” Sisi. Fascinating story! She was certainly obsessed with her looks. And as far as mental illness (which someone mentioned)many of us would probably suffer from depression or anxiety if we had to handle the situations she did on a daily basis.
Loved this blog! I’ve also searched for the recipes of Sisi’s beauty rituals. Thanks for finding them. I’m a big fan of Sisi’s since I was a little girl. It’s a German tradition to watch the Sisi movies at Christmas time and I used to watch them with my mom. Now we watch them whenever we get together. The German movies totally romanticize her life though but as a little girl I loved them.
I’m going to Vienna in 2018 to visit the Sisi museum as well as to attend a Viennese Ball.
Btw, Marie Antoinette had a great facial mask too which included 2 tsps of cognac, 1 egg white, 1/3 cup of powdered milk & juice of 1 lemon. My 12 yr old daughter and I’ve tried it several times and I really like it. I can’t wait to try Sisi’s face mask, not the veal one. LOL!
I am so glad I took the time to read this post today. Amazing information and history is always a showstopper. Thank you so much. All the best.
The fourth photo is not empress Elisabeth but is Madam Barbe de Rimsky-Korsakov
Fantastic blog! But in the olive oil bath, is that truly meant to be a cup full or is it supposed to be a cap full? Reason: poured a full cup of oil into bath and am currently completely saturated in oil. At least I’ll be moisturized.
Katherine Dilworth says
Interesting post. Natural remedies are the best for every skin type than the chemical ones. These beauty tips are very useful to me as prefer to use natural remedies for my skin because it’s very sensitive. Keep sharing such useful beauty tips.
Sarah Cummings says
Wow this is an incredible insight into a fascinating and disturbing character. I can’t believe her beauty regimes are documented in such detail. It’s such an interesting read. Thank you so much.
Thank you for this post. I really enjoyed it
Gina Richardson says
Thank you so much for sharing this! How awesome that her recipes were handed down!
I love Sisi, She has been my favorite female royal for as long as I can remember.
However I feel like you didn’t mention that she’s suspected to have suffered from anorexia. Based on her vigorous exercise routine as well as her light diet.
James Hoban says
Nowadays, everything starts with beauty. And blogs like yours that represent this idea are very inspiring to read.